New Prospects for Climate Change Regulation

Background Readings

United States Climate Policies | State Climate Policy | International | Science | Economics

United States Climate Policies

Past and Present

Future

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State Climate Policy

Past and Present

Future

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International Climate Policies

Past and Present

  • The Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change, http://www.un.org/climatechange/ , is a useful portal which includes links to relevant UN bodies and international financial institutions, past and current IPCC reports, international conventions related to climate change, and climate change statistics.
  • The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which was adopted in 1992 and entered into force for all ratifying countries in 1994, is the first international environmental treaty aimed at addressing the problem of global warming.
  • The Kyoto Protocol was negotiated in 1997 pursuant to the Framework Convention and entered into force in 2005. It represents the first attempt to come up with a policy framework for achieving the goals of the Framework Convention.
  • From the UNFCCC Secretariat, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: The First Ten Years (2004) provides an overview of international climate policies over the last decade.
  • From Resources for the Future, The Economics of Climate Policy (2001) offers an overview of the economic approach to analyzing and dealing with greenhouse gas emissions, along with an analysis of how this analysis applies to the international sphere, especially with respect to the Kyoto Protocol.
  • Directive 2003/87/EC established the European Union's greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme; Commission Regulation No. 2216/2004 is the implementing regulation.

Future

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The Science of Climate Change

  • From the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report: Summary for Policymakers, summarizes the IPCC's findings on policy-relevant scientific questions about climate change. This includes the evidence for and causes of climate change, the extent of human influence on climate change, and projections for future climate changes.
  • "Confronting Climate Change: Avoiding the Unmanageable and Managing the Unavoidable," the final report of the Scientific Expert Group on Climate Change and Sustainable Development, was prepared for the UN's Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD). The report outlines a roadmap for preventing unmanageable climate changes and adapting to the changes that are inevitable.

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Energy Economics

  • A report released by Securing America's Future Energy (SAFE) and the National Commission on Energy Policy (NCEP) discusses the impact on the United States from severe oil shocks should even small amounts of oil be withdrawn from the global market due to terrorism, political unrest or additional natural disasters.

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