Luis Moreno-Ocampo

Current Position: Chief Prosecutor, International Criminal Court

Brief Bio: On 21 April 2003, Mr. Luis Moreno-Ocampo of Argentina was elected first Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. From1984-92, as a Prosecutor in Argentina, Mr. Moreno-Ocampo was involved in precedent-setting prosecutions of top military commanders for mass killings and other large-scale human rights abuses. He was the Assistant Prosecutor in the “Military Junta” trial against Army commanders accused of masterminding the “dirty war” and other cases of human rights violations by the Argentine military. Mr. Moreno-Ocampo was the Prosecutor in charge of the extradition from the United States of former Argentine General Carlos Guillermo Suárez Mason, and in the investigation and prosecution of guerrilla leaders and of those responsible for two military rebellions in Argentina. He also took part in the case against Army commanders accused of malpractice during the Malvinas/Falklands war, as well as in dozens of major cases of corruption.

In 1992, Mr. Moreno-Ocampo resigned as Chief Prosecutor of the Federal Criminal Court of Buenos Aires, and established a private law firm, Moreno-Ocampo & Wortman Jofre, which specializes in corruption control programs for large firms and organizations, criminal and human rights law. Until his election as Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Mr. Moreno-Ocampo worked as lawyer and as Private Inspector General for large companies. He also took on a number of pro bono activities, among others as legal representative for the victims in the extradition of former Nazi officer Erich Priebke to Italy, the trial of the chief of the Chilean secret police for the murder of General Carlos Prats, and several cases concerning political bribery, journalists’ protection and freedom of expression.

Mr. Moreno-Ocampo also worked with various local, regional and international NGO’s. He was the president of Transparency International for Latin America and the Caribbean. He has served as on the global Advisory Board and the Board of Transparency International, a world-wide organization whose aim is to reduce corruption in business transactions. The founder and president of Poder Ciudadano, Mr. Moreno-Ocampo also served as member of the Advisory Board of the “Project on Justice in times of transition” and “New Tactics on Human Rights.” He has been a visiting professor at both Stanford University and Harvard University.

Sample Publications:
  • Moreno-Ocampo, Luis. “En Defensa Propia ¿Cómo salir de la corrupción? (In self-defense. How to avoid corruption?). Publisher: Sudamericana, 1993.
  • Moreno-Ocampo, Luis. Cuando el poder perdió el juicio.¿Cómo explicar el “Proceso” a nuestros hijos? (When power lost its mind. How to explain the dictatorship to our children). Publisher: Planets Espejo de la Argentina. 1996.
  • Moreno-Ocampo, Luis. “The challenge of the law in Argentina: after the genocide, hyper-corruption and insecurity” in The Coming Argentina. Analysis and Proposals for a Society in Transition. Aldo Isuanl- Daniel Filmus, compilers. Unicef, Flacso.
  • Moreno-Ocampo, Luis. “Beyond Punishment; Justice in the Wake of Massive Crimes in Argentina” Journal of International Affairs, Spring 1999, 52 No.2.