How Umpires--and the Supreme Court--Make the Call
Professor Freund's story involved three umpires who are sitting around talking about their role in calling balls and strikes. The first umpire says: "Some is balls and some is strikes, and I call 'em as I see 'em." The second umpire says: "I agree that some is balls and some is strikes, but I call 'em as they are!" Then the third umpire says: "Well, fellas, some may be balls and some may be strikes, but until I call 'em, they ain't nothing!"
Publication of Lawyer's Book Open to Question
I have no wish to accuse Mr. Williams of intentional wrongdoing. The article indicates that he is a lawyer of great integrity. All the more reason why the question I am raising here should be addressed. When bad lawyers act unethically, it is easy enough to attribute their conduct to their character, but when the conduct of good lawyers raises ethical questions, we should think about those questions and, if possible, answer them.
Reparations Discussion Ignores History
I noted a few comments about the Civil War Amendments to the Constitution, but no discussion of the terrible human cost of the War of the Southern Rebellion (the official name of the Civil War). Over 600,000 Americans were killed in this war. Twice the number of Americans killed in World War II, and at a time when our country's population was probably less than 100 million. One would think that this terrible death toll, incurred in the war to end slavery, was sufficient reparation for the sin of slavery. Does no one remember the words of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic"--the marching song of the Union Army ("As He died to make men holy, let us die to make men free")--and its significance?
Bruce Catton wrote a number of books about the Civil War in which he referred to America "reaping the whirlwind" as a result of the inability of our ancestors to put a peaceful end to slavery. I do not for a moment seek to minimize the suffering and deprivation that have characterized this country's race relations. However, to talk about reparations for slavery while ignoring the terrible price that was paid by those who fought to preserve it and those who fought to end it is too much. Does anyone at Harvard Law School study history anymore?
For '39 Grads, a Different Kind of Interruption
For two undistinguished alumni of the Class of 1939, the war really was the greatest interruption.
My friend Robert Heller had an intelligence quotient that was off the chart. In addition, he was a military enthusiast and a ROTC graduate whose poor eyesight precluded a military career.
Like many others, we went to law school for reasons that did not include a fascination with the law. As in an arranged marriage, love was to come later. After staggering through the first year, I wanted to graduate but was not going to increase the boredom with intense application.
We believed that unless a high grade was the objective, an exam could be beaten with general intelligence, writing skills, keeping cool, and controlling the clock, even with an incomplete grasp of the subject. With that outlook, our work was minimal. I went to class, took notes, and transcribed them into a notebook. If I anticipated a classroom call, I read the assignment.
Bob did much less. He had the texts, which he read occasionally, but his classroom attendance, always sporadic, came to a virtual halt after the midyear. He used my notes for the exams.
At the time we graduated in 1939, the Army was expanding and Bob went on active duty as an infantry officer. I clerked for a small firm that did some admiralty work and heard that the Marine Corps was recruiting volunteers for its First Officer Candidates Class. I joined in 1940 and about a year later volunteered into the Marine Raiders, then the commando unit of the Corps.
At the conclusion of the hostilities, I took a regular commission. Thus the war was a permanent and, I admit, welcome career interruption.
As for Bob Heller, his was the ultimate and final "greatest interruption." He was killed on New Georgia in 1943.
Letter Writer Mischaracterizes Ethics of Abortion
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