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Links to 158 Studies Available on SSRN that Use the Entrenchment Index (Bebchuk, Cohen, and Ferrell, 2009)

Aggarwal, Rajesh K., Yihui Pan, and Huijing Fu, An Empirical Investigation of Internal Governance

Agrawal, Anup and Tareque Nasser, Blockholders on Boards and CEO Compensation, Turnover and Firm Valuation

Akyol, Ali C., Chander Shekhar, and Jin San Kim, The Causes and Consequences of Accelerated Stock Repurchases

Amiram, Dan and Edward L. Owens, Earnings Smoothness and Cost of Debt

Anderson, Mark C. and Volkan Muslu, On the Quality of CEO Option Pay Estimates

Ashraf, Rasha and Narayanan Jayaraman, Determinants and Consequences of Proxy Voting By Mutual Funds on Shareholder Proposals

Ashraf, Rasha, Rajesh Chakrabarti, Richard Fu, and Narayanan Jayaraman, Takeover Immunity, Takeovers and the Market for Non-Executive Directors

Autore, Don M., Tunde Kovacs, and Vivek Sharma, Do Analyst Recommendations Reflect Shareholder Rights?

Babenko, Ilona, Yuri Tserlukevich, and Alexander Vedrashko, The Credibility of Open Market Share Repurchase Signaling

Baber, William R. and Lihong Liang, Associations Between Internal and External Corporate Governance Characteristics and the Consequences of Regulating Governance Practices

Baber, William R., Sok-Hyon Kang, Lihong Liang and Zinan Zhu, Shareholder Rights, Corporate Governance and Accounting Restatement

Barclay, Michael J., Clifford G. Holderness, and Dennis P. Sheehan, Dividends and Corporate Shareholders

Barzuza, Michal and David C. Smith, What Happens in Nevada? Self-Selecting into a Lax Law

Bauguess, Scott W. and Mike Stegemoller, Protective Governance Choices and the Value of Acquisition Activity

Bebchuk, Lucian A., Alma Cohen, and Charles C. Y. Wang, Learning and the Disappearing Association Between Governance and Returns

Bebchuk, Lucian A., Martijn Cremers, and Urs Peyer, Pay Distribution in the Top Executive Team

Bebchuk, Lucian A., Alma Cohen, and Allen Ferrell, What Matters in Corporate Governance?

Becher, David A., Thomas W. Bates, and Michael L. Lemmon, Board Classification and Managerial Entrenchment: Evidence from the Market for Corporate Control

Betzer, André and Marc Goergen, Disentangling the Link between Stock and Accounting Performance in Acquisitions

Bhagat, Sanjai and Brian J. Bolton, Corporate Governance and Firm Performance

Bhagat, Sanjai and Brian J. Bolton, Director Ownership, Governance and Performance

Bhagat, Sanjai and Brian J. Bolton, Sarbanes-Oxley, Governance and Performance

Bharath, Sreedhar T., Sudarshan Jayaraman, and Venky Nagar, Exit as Governance: An Empirical Analysis

Black, Dirk E., Shane S. Dikolli, and Scott Dyreng, CEO Pay-for-Complexity and Opaque Multinational Diversification

Boubakri, Narjess and Hatem Ghouma, Managerial Opportunism, Cost of Debt Financing and Regulation Changes: Evidence from the Sarbanes-Oxley Act Adoption

Bradley, Michael and Dong Chen, Corporate Governance and the Cost of Debt: Evidence from Director Limited Liability and Indemnification Provisions

Bradley, Michael and Dong Chen, Corporate Governance, Credit Condition, and the Cost of Debt

Brennan, Thomas J., Cash-Flow and Market Response to Repatriation

Brick, Ivan E., Oded Palmon, and John K. Wald, Too Much Pay Performance Sensitivity?

Brown, Lawrence D. and Marcus L. Caylor, Corporate Governance and Firm Valuation

Cai, Jie, Jacqueline L. Garner, and Ralph A. Walkling, Electing Directors

Cai, Ye and Xuan Tian, Firm Locations and Takeover Likelihood

Cai, Jie, Yiming Qian, and Yixin Liu, Information Asymmetry and Corporate Governance

Cai, Jie and Ralph A. Walkling, Shareholders' Say on Pay: Does it Create Value?

Campbell, T. Colin, Michael F. Gallmeyer, Shane A. Johnson, Jessica Rutherford, and Brooke Stanley, CEO Optimism and Forced Turnover

Campbell, Terry L. II and Melissa B. Frye, Venture Capitalist Monitoring: Evidence from Governance Structures

Chae, Joon, Dong Wook Lee, and Shu Feng Wang, Does a Firm's Takeover Vulnerability Cause Its Stock Price to Deviate from Random Walks?

Chang, Xin and Hong Feng Zhang, Managerial Entrenchment and Firm Value: A Dynamic Perspective

Chava, Sudheer, Praveen Kumar, and Arthur Warga, Managerial Moral Hazard and Bond Covenants

Chemmanur, Thomas J. and Xuan Tian, Do Anti-Takeover Provisions Spur Corporate Innovation?

Chen, Kevin C. W., Zhihong  Chen, and K. C. John Wei, Agency Costs of Free Cash Flow and the Effect of Shareholder Rights on the Implied Cost of Equity Capital

Chen, Zhongdong, Board Structure, CEO Turnover, and Bank Performance

Chen, Dong, Classified Boards, The Cost of Debt, and Firm Performance

Chen, Hui, David C. Parsley, and Ya-wen Yang, Corporate Lobbying and Financial Performance

Chen, Huafeng (Jason) and Shaojun Jenny Chen, Investment-Cash Flow Sensitivity Cannot Be a Good Measure of Financial Constraints: Evidence from the Time Series

Chi, Jianxin Daniel and D. Scott Lee, The Conditional Nature of the Value of Corporate Governance

Chidambaran, N.K., Darius  Palia, and Yudan Zheng, Corporate Governance and Firm Performance: Evidence from Large Governance Changes

Choe, Chongwoo, Gloria Yuan Tian, and Xiangkang Yin, Managerial Power, Stock-Based Compensation, and Firm Performance: Theory and Evidence

Chou, Wen-Hsiu, Lilian K. Ng, and Qinghai Wang, Do Governance Mechanisms Matter for Mutual Funds?

Cicero, David C., M. Babajide Wintoki, and Tina Yang, Do Firms Adjust to a Target Board Structure?

Clifford, Christopher P. and Laura Anne Lindsey, Blockholder Monitoring: Incentives and Efficacy

Coates, IV, John C., Corporate Governance and Corporate Political Activity: What Effect Will Citizens United Have on Shareholder Wealth?

Cremers, Martijn, Lucian A. Bebchuk, and Urs Peyer, CEO Centrality

Cremers, Martijn, Vinay B. Nair, and Urs Peyer, Takeover Defenses and Competition

Cremers, Martijn and Allen Ferrell, Thirty Years of Shareholder Rights and Firm Valuation

Dai, Zhonglan, Li Jin, and Weining Zhang, Risk and Incentive: An Event Study Approach

De Angelis, David and Yaniv Grinstein, Pay for the Right Performance

De Angelis, David and Yaniv Grinstein, Relative Performance Evaluation in CEO Compensation: Evidence from the 2006 Disclosure Rules

Derrien, Francois, David Thesmar, and Ambrus Kecskes, Investor Horizons and Corporate Policies

Dey, Aiyesha, Ellen Engel, and Xiaohui Liu, CEO and Board Chair Roles: To Split or Not to Split

Dittmar, Amy K. and Jan Mahrt-Smith, Corporate Governance and the Value of Cash Holdings

Duchin, Ran and Breno Schmidt, Riding the Merger Wave

Engelberg, Joseph, Pengjie Gao, and Christopher A. Parsons, The Value of a Rolodex: CEO Pay and Personal Networks

Ertimur, Yonca, Volkan Muslu, and Fabrizio Ferri, Shareholder Activism and CEO Pay

Fahlenbrach, Rüdiger, Shareholder Rights, Boards, and CEO Compensation

Fodor, Andy and Dean Diavatopoulos, Does Corporate Governance Matter for Equity Returns?

Fracassi, Cesare and Geoffrey A. Tate, External Networking and Internal Firm Governance

Francis, Bill B.,  Maya Waisman, and Iftekhar Hasan, Does Geography Matter to Bondholders?

Francis, Bill B., Iftekhar Hasan, Kose John, and Maya Waisman, The Effect of State Antitakeover Laws on the Firm's Bondholders

Fu, Huijing and Xiaoyun Yu, Is Board Structure One-Size-Fits-All? The Unintended Informational Consequence of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act

Gao, Huasheng and Xin Deng, Does Nonmonetary Benefit Matter for Corporate Executives? Evidence from the Pay Premium for Quality of Life

Giroud, Xavier and Holger M. Mueller, Corporate Governance, Product Market Competition, and Equity Prices

Giroud, Xavier and Holger M. Mueller, Does Corporate Governance Matter in Competitive Industries?

Gong, James Jianxin, Examining Shareholder Value Creation Over CEO Tenure: A New Approach to Testing Effectiveness of Executive Compensation

Gopalan, Radhakrishnan, Todd T. Milbourn, and Fenghua Song, Strategic Flexibility and the Optimality of Pay for Sector Performance

Gopalan, Radhakrishnan, Todd T. Milbourn, Fenghua Song, and Anjan V. Thakor, The Optimal Duration of Executive Compensation: Theory and Evidence

Gormley, Todd A. and David A. Matsa, Growing Out of Trouble? Corporate Responses to Liability Risk

Greene, William H., Abigail S. Hornstein, Lawrence J. White, and Bernard Yin Yeung, Multinationals Do It Better: Evidence on the Efficiency of Corporations Capital Budgeting

Grinstein, Yaniv, David Weinbaum, and Nir Yehuda, The Economic Consequences of Perk Disclosure

Guedj, Ilan and Amir Barnea, Director Networks

Guo, Bing, Lobby or Contribute?, The Impact of Corporate Governance on Firms' Political Strategies

Guo, Re, Timothy A. Kruse, and Tom Nohel, Undoing the Powerful Anti-Takeover Force of Staggered Boards

Hagendorff, Jens and Francesco Vallascas, CEO Pay Incentives and Risk-Taking: Evidence from Bank Acquisitions

Harford, Jarrad, Kai Li, and Dirk Jenter, Conflicts of Interests Among Shareholders: The Case of Corporate Acquisitions

Harford, Jarrad, Kai  Li, and Xinlei Shelly Zhao, Corporate Boards and the Leverage and Debt Maturity Choices

Harford, Jarrad, Sattar Mansi, and William F. Maxwell, Corporate Governance and Firm Cash Holdings

Harford, Jarrad, Mark Humphery-Jenner, and Ronan Powell, The Sources of Value Destruction in Acquisitions by Entrenched Managers

Hochberg, Yael V. and Laura Anne Lindsey,  Incentives, Targeting and Firm Performance: An Analysis of Non-Executive Stock Options

Huang, Rocco, Creditor Control of Free Cash Flow

Huang, Jiekun, Shareholder Coordination Costs and the Market for Corporate Control

Huang, Henry, Weimin Wang, and Jian Zhou, The Effect of Shareholder Rights and Insider Ownership on Earnings Management

Humphery-Jenner, Mark, Anti-Takeover Provisions as a Source of Innovation and Value Creation

Hwang, Lee-Seok and Woo-Jong Lee, Do Takeover Defenses Impair Equity Investors’ Perception of ‘Higher Quality’ Earnings?

Hwang, Byoung-Hyoun and Seoyoung Kim, It Pays to Have Friends

Ivanov, Vladimir I., Corporate Venture Capital and Corporate Governance in Newly Public Firms: Evidence from Venture Backed IPOs

Ivanov, Vladimir I. and Ronald W. Masulis, Strategic Alliances and Corporate Governance in Newly Public Firms: Evidence from Venture Backed IPOs

Jiraporn, Pornsit, Young Sang Kim, Wallace N. Davidson III, and Manohar Singh, Corporate Governance, Shareholder Rights and Firm Diversification: An Empirical Analysis

John, Kose and William R. Sodjahin, Corporate Asset Purchases, Sales and Governance

John, Kose and Lubomir P. Litov, Corporate Governance and Financing Policy: New Evidence

John, Kose, Lubomir P. Litov, and Bernard Yin Yeung, Corporate Governance and Risk Taking

John, Kose and Lubomir P. Litov, Managerial Entrenchment and Capital Structure: New Evidence

Johnson, Shane A., Harley E. Ryan, Jr., and Yisong S. Tian, Managerial Incentives and Corporate Fraud: The Sources of Incentives Matter

Joshi, Nayan Krishna, Employee Relations and Takeover Probability

Jun, Sang-Gyung, Mookwon Jung, and Ralph A. Walkling, Share Repurchase, Executive Options and Wealth Changes to Stockholders and Bondholders

Kadyrzhanova, Dalida, A Theory of Preemptive Entrenchment

Kau, James B., James S. Linck, and Paul H. Rubin, Do Managers Listen to the Market?

Kim, Seoyoung, Directors' Decision-Making Involvement on Corporate Boards

Kohlbeck, Mark J., Veena Looknanan-Brown, and Joe Trainor, Did the SOX Ban on Non-Audit Services Go Far Enough or Too Far? Evidence from Investors’ Perception of Auditor Independence

Krishnan, C. N. V., Ronald W. Masulis, Randall S. Thomas, and Robert B. Thompson, Litigation in Mergers and Acquisitions

Kuhnen, Camelia M. and Alexandra Niessen-Ruenzi, Public Opinion and Executive Compensation

Larcker, David F., Gaizka Ormazabal, and Daniel J. Taylor, The Market Reaction to Corporate Governance Regulation

Larkin, Yelena, Product Demand Characteristics, Brand Perception, and Financial Policy

Lee, Woo-Jong, Managerial Entrenchment and the Value of Dividends

Lehn, Kenneth, Sukesh Patro, and Mengxin Zhao, Governance Indices and Valuation Multiples: Which Causes Which?

Leverty, J. Tyler and Yiming Qian, Do Efficient Firms Make Better Acquisitions?

Li, Jennifer, Fayez A. Elayan, and Thomas O. Meyer, Guilty Until Proven Innocent: The Economic Consequences of the Initiation and the Outcome of Internal Investigations of Option Backdating

Li, Jennifer, Fayez A. Elayan, Thomas O. Meyer, and Parunchana Pacharn, Option Backdating: Market Overreaction and Management Motives

Liu, Yixin and David C. Mauer, Corporate Cash Holdings and CEO Compensation Incentives

Liu, Wen-Chien and Yuanchen Chang, The Determinants and Marginal Value of Corporate Cash Holdings: Financial Constraints versus Corporate Governance

Lyandres, Evgeny, Le Sun, and Lu Zhang, Investment-Based Underperformance Following Seasoned Equity Offerings

Mahmudi, Hamed and Huasheng  Gao, Backdating Executive Stock Option Grants: An Agency Problem or Just Efficient Contracting?

Mansi, Sattar, William F. Maxwell, and John K. Wald, Creditor Protection Laws and the Cost of Debt

Marchica, Maria-Teresa, Institutional Investor Activism and Corporate Debt Maturity

Masulis, Ronald W. and H. Shawn Mobbs, Are All Inside Directors the Same? Evidence from the External Directorship Market

Masulis, Ronald W., Cong Wang, and Fei Xie, Corporate Governance and Acquirer Returns

Mathur, Ike and Manohar Singh, Corporate Political Strategies

McTier, Brian Carson and John K. Wald, The Causes and Consequences of Securities Class Action Litigation

Michenaud, Sebastien, Corporate Investment and Analyst Pressure

Morellec, Erwan, Boris Nikolov, and Norman Schürhoff, Corporate Governance and Capital Structure Dynamics

Ng, Anthony C., Ferdinand A. Gul, and Yaw M. Mensah, Managerial Entrenchment and Value-Relevance of Earnings During the Pre- and Post- Sarbanes Oxley Periods

Nikolov, Boris and Toni M. Whited, Agency Conflicts and Cash: Estimates from a Structural Model

Officer, Micah S., Overinvestment, Corporate Governance, and Dividend Initiations

Oler, Mitchell, Entrenched Management and the Adaptation Option: An Analysis of Firm's with a Market-to-Exit Ratio Less Than 1

Oler, Derek, Bradley Olson, and Christopher J. Skousen, Governance, CEO Power, and Acquisitions

Owen, Sian A., Liting Shi, and Alfred Yawson, Divestitures, Wealth Effects and Corporate Governance

Paige Fields, L., Donald R. Fraser, and Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, Board Quality and the Cost of Debt Capital: The Case of Bank Loans

Pan, Carrie, Why are Firms With Entrenched Managers More Likely to Pay Dividends?

Pathan, Shams and Michael T. Skully, Endogenously Structured Boards of Directors in Banks

Pathan, Shams, Strong Boards, CEO Power and Bank Risk-Taking

Paul, Suresh L. and Herman Sahni, Do Shareholders Agree with ISS? Evidence from ISS Vote Recommendations

Prevost, Andrew K., Ramesh P. Rao, and Melissa A. Williams, Labor Unions as Shareholder Activists: Champions or Detractors?

Renneboog, Luc and Peter G. Szilagyi, Shareholder Activism Through the Proxy Process

Schmidt, Breno, Costs and Benefits of 'Friendly' Boards during Mergers and Acquisitions

Schneider, Christoph and Oliver G. Spalt, Acquisitions as Lotteries: Do Managerial Gambling Attitudes Influence Takeover Decisions?

Shepherd, Joanna, Frederick Tung, and Albert Yoon, Cross-Monitoring and Corporate Governance

Skaife, Hollis Ashbaugh, Daniel W. Collins, and Ryan LaFond, Corporate Governance and the Cost of Equity Capital

Straska, Miroslava and H. Gregory Waller, Do Antitakeover Provisions Harm Shareholders?

Tchistyi, Alexei, David Yermack, and Hayong Yun, Negative Hedging: Performance Sensitive Debt and CEOs' Equity Incentives

Utete, Gwinyai, Institutional Investor Preferences and Firm Value

Wang, Cong and Fei Xie, Corporate Governance Transfer and Synergistic Gains from Mergers and Acquisitions

Whited, Toni M. and Anjan V. Thakor, Shareholder-Manager Disagreement, Animal Spirits, and Corporate Investment

Wu, Betty (H.T.), Is CEO Stock Option Backdating or Otherwise Manipulation Another Form of Option Repricing?

Wu, Jin (Ginger), Lu Zhang, and Frank Zhang, Understanding the Accrual Anomaly

Yang, Jian and Yinggang Zhou, Finding Systemically Important Financial Institutions Around the Global Credit Crisis: Evidence from Credit Default Swaps

Yang, Liu, Haluk Unal, and Kristina Minnick, Pay for Performance? CEO Compensation and Acquirer Returns in BHCs

Ye, Pengfei, On Investors' Ownership and Voting Decisions: Evidence from Mutual Funds

Zhang, Feng, Antitakeover Provisions, Managerial Incentives, and Firm Value

Zhang, Ivy, Economic Consequences of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002