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New York Law School and Harvard Law School hosted a year-long contest of ideas about legal education in 2010. The goal was to come up with operational alternatives to the traditional law school business model and to identify concrete steps for the implementation of new designs. The kickoff event was a two-day conference for educators, employers, and regulators at New York Law School on April 9-10, 2010, to identify problems, innovations and constraints, and to organize working groups to develop designs and strategies for implementation. Working groups refined their ideas and reconvened for a second meeting at Harvard Law School on October 15-16, 2010.

FutureEd 3 was held at New York Law School on April 15-16, 2011.
Learn more about FutureEd 3

FutureEd 2: Making Lawyers for the 21st Century

On October 15 and 16, 2010, the Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession hosted FutureEd 2: Making Lawyers for the 21st Century. Legal scholars, practitioners and regulators from around the world gathered in Cambridge to discuss the evolution and future of legal education, and to present proposals for change.

For more information about FutureEd 2, download the agenda or visit the NYLS FutureEd website.

Co-sponsored by:
Center for Professional Values and Practice
Institute for Information Law and Policy
New York Law School

Conference Videos (Friday)

Friday, October 15, 2010: THEORY AND CONTEXT

Welcome and Introduction
Elizabeth Chambliss, New York Law School Center for Professional Values & Practice
David Wilkins, Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession

Global Perspectives on Legal Education [Video]
Yves Dezalay, Legal sociologist at French CNRS research center
Daniel H. Foote, University of Tokyo
C. Raj Kumar, Dean of Jindal Global Law School, India
Ary Oswaldo Mattos Filho, Dean of FGV law school, São Paulo
Zhang Qi, Peking University Law School
Moderator: William Alford, Harvard Law School

Cross-Professional Comparison [Video]
Jules Dienstag, Dean of Medical Education, Harvard Medical School
Rakesh Khurana, Harvard Business School
Chris McKenna, Novak Druce Center for PSFs, Oxford Business
Andrew von Nordenflycht, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver
Moderator: Ashish Nanda, Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession

Keynote Address [Video]
Chris Kenny, CEO, U.K. Legal Services Board

The Regulators Weigh In [Video]
Walter Jones, U.S. Rep. to African Development Bank
Sophia Sperdakos, Policy Counsel, Law Society of Upper Canada
Stephen Zack, President, American Bar Association
Moderator: Todd Rakoff, Harvard Law School

Globalization, Lawyers and Emerging Economies—A Theoretical Synthesis [Video]
Luciana Gross Cunha, FGV Law School, São Paulo
Marc Galanter, Wisconsin Law School
Sida Liu, Wisconsin Law School
Fabio de Sá e Silva, IPEA research center, Brasilia; Northeastern University
David Trubek, Wisconsin Law School
David Wilkins, Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession
Moderator: Mark Wu, Harvard Law School

Keynote Address [Video]
Martha Minow, Dean, Harvard Law School

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Proposals for Reform and Conference Videos (Saturday)

Saturday, October 16, 2010: PROPOSALS FOR REFORM

Professional Development Proposals [Video]
Moderator: William Lee, Co-Managing Partner of WilmerHale

Internationalization and Post-J.D. Executive Education—The Bucerius Model
Birte Gall, Bucerius Law School, Germany

Teaching Decision-Making in Law Schools: Promotion of Experimentation; Collection, Analysis and Dissemination of Materials; Creation of an Organization to Encourage Decision-Making Pedagogy in Law School Curricula
Michael Kelly, Former Dean, University of Maryland School of Law

A Time of Transition: The Need for Capstone Courses in American Legal Education
Lisa Kloppenberg, James Durham, Eric Chaffee, Lori Shaw, University of Dayton School of Law

Models for Forming Partnerships Between Legal Educators and Legal Practitioners
Christine Mooney, Villanova University School of Law; Rachel Littman, Pace Law School

The “Identification, Development, and Validation of Predictors for Successful Lawyering” Report and its Potential Relevance to Law School Admissions, Legal Education/Pedagogy and Bar/Professional Licensing Exams
David Oppenheimer and Kristen Holmquist, University of California Berkeley School of Law

Outcome Assessment Rocks!! Shifting from an Input to an Output Approach in Legal Education
Lori Shaw; University of Dayton School of Law; Brannon Denning, Henry (“Corky”) Strickland, Howard Walthall, Samford University Cumberland School of Law

Building Professional Collaborations: A Law-Business-Employer Team Model at Northeastern University School of Law
Emily Spieler, Susan Maze Rothstein, Martha Davis, Northeastern University School of Law

A Transactional Skills Curriculum for a New Century: The Need to Incorporate Practical Business and Transactional Skills Training into the Curricula of America’s Law Schools
Tina Stark, Emory University School of Law; Eric Chaffee, University of Dayton School of Law

“Cradle to Grave” Professional Development
David Wilkins and Cory Way, Harvard Law School

Technology-Related Proposals (video is currently unavailable)
Moderator: Milton Regan, Georgetown Law Center for Study of the Legal Profession

The Millennium Law School: Building Technology and Innovation into the Legal Education Framework
Barbara Bernier, Florida A&M University College of Law

“Blended Course” Project—Creating, Developing, Teaching and Evaluating One Basic/Core Law School Course in a Blended Learning Format
Barry Currier, Concord Law School of Kaplan University

Distance Learning Innovations in Legal Education
Larry Farmer and Vance Everett, Brigham Young University J. Reuben Clark Law School; Matt Gardner & Grace D'Alo, Penn State Dickinson School of Law; Allison Rice and Wayne Miller, Duke Law School; Greg Clinton, North Carolina Central Law School; Will Monroe, Louisiana State University Paul M. Herbert Law Center; Megan Welch, Legal Practitioner; Herve Depow and Ellen Zweibel, University of Ottawa Law School; Bob Seibel, California Western School of Law

Standardized Clients and SIMPLE (SIMulated Professional Learning Environment): Learning Professionalism through Simulated Practice
John Garvey, University of New Hampshire School of Law and Paul Maharg, Northumbria University, U.K.

Comprehensive Review of Distance Learning Potential
Oliver Goodenough, Mike McCann,and Rebecca Purdom, Vermont Law School

Law Learning by Building Software Applications
Marc Lauritsen, Capstone Practice Systems; Oliver Goodenough, Vermont Law School; Brian Donnelly, Columbia Law School; Brock Rutter, State of Vermont/Berkman Center; Blair Janis, Wealth Counsel and BYU Law School; David Johnson, New York Law School; John Mayer, Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction; Larry Farmer, BYU Law School; Richard Grant, MyCounsel; Ron Staudt, Chicago-Kent College of Law

Legal OnRamp: Grand Rounds – Proxy Ramp Demonstration Project
Nicholas Spindler and Mariko Gaines, New York Law School '11; Paul Lippe, Legal OnRamp; Howard Meyers, New York Law School; Tanina Rostain, New York Law School

Law Practice Simulation
David Johnson, Center for Democracy and Technology and Tanina Rostain, New York Law School

Structural/Regulatory Proposals [Video]
Moderator: Elizabeth Chambliss, New York Law School Center for Professional Values & Practice

Law Without WallsTM: Evloving Legal Education and Practice
Michele DeStefano Beardslee, University of Miami School of Law

The Future of Legal Education 2.0
William Byrnes, Thomas Jefferson School of Law

Are We Making a Difference? Developing Outcome Measures to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Law School Efforts to Teach Ethics and Develop Professionalism
William Henderson, Indiana University Maurer School of Law; Jerome Organ, University of St. Thomas School of Law; Patrick Longan, Mercer University School of Law; John Berry, Florida Bar; Clark Cunningham, Georgia State University

Proposal for Accelerating Acquisition of a Law Degree
Rick Matasar, New York Law School

Washington & Lee University Law School’s Experiential Third Year Curriculum
Jim Moliterno, Washington & Lee University School of Law

ABA Accreditation Standards Should be Revised to Prohibit Merit Scholarships in Excess of 10% of a Law School’s Total Expenditures for Financial Aid
Thomas Morgan, George Washington University School of Law

A Proposal to Develop an SEC-Style Disclosure Model to Promote Greater Transparency by Law Schools Regarding Information Relating to "Investment" in Legal Education
Jerome Organ, University of St. Thomas School of Law

Global Professional Master of Laws (GPLLM): Specializing in Business Law
Archana Sridhar and Jane Kidner, University of Toronto Faculty of Law

Public Sphere Proposals [Video]
Moderator: Erik Ramanathan, Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession

Bridging Theory and Practice in the Education of Future Public Interest Lawyers
Nisha Agarwal, New York Lawyers for the Public Interest; Jocelyn Simonson, Bronx Defenders, Inc.; Benjamin Hoffman, and Toby Merrill, Harvard Law School ’11

Canadian Clinical Legal Education Conference and Founding Meeting of the Canadian Association for Clinical Legal Education
Doug Ferguson, University of Western Ontario

The Legal Bridges Project
Dennis Greene, University of Dayton School of Law

Partnering Universities and Local Lawyers to Engage in Public Interest Lawyering: The Case of the African Legal Support Facility
Innocent Enga Kameni, University of Pretoria and Harvard Law School

Public Service Venture Fund
Alexa Shabecoff, Harvard Law School and Earl Phalen, Reach Out and Read

Keynote Address [Video]
Laura Stein, General Counsel of Clorox; ACC Value Challenge
with remarks by:
William Robinson, III, President-Elect of the American Bar Association
David Wilkins, Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession

Working Group Moderator Reports [Video]

Concluding Remarks and Future Plans
David Wilkins, Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession
Elizabeth Chambliss, NYLS Center for Professional Values & Practice

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News Articles

China, India, Japan grapple with the quality of legal education
by Karen Sloan
National Law Journal
October 15, 2010

Consensus emerging that law school model 'is not sustainable'
by Karen Sloan
National Law Journal
October 20, 2010

FutureEd 2: A major conference explores the effects of globalization on legal education
Harvard Law Today
January, 2011

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Spotlight at Harvard Law School

Legal education is in a period of profound and much-needed change. That was the unanimous assessment of a group of experts at FutureEd2, a major conference at Harvard Law School that attracted more than 150 legal educators, practitioners, businesspeople and students from around the world.

Yet how, exactly, law schools will be different in five or 20 years is less clear, although there are many suggested paths, ranging from a greater emphasis on global education to more practical training for budding lawyers. And, at the same time, there are strong voices urging law schools to maintain what’s best about traditional legal education even as they undergo reform.

“The overarching theme was that this was really an important moment, and there’s a growing realization that legal education really needs to change in important ways,” said David Wilkins, the faculty director of Harvard Law School’s Program on the Legal Profession, which hosted the conference, the second in a three-part series co-sponsored with New York Law School to explore the current state of legal education and help shape its future. Continue reading

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Speaker and Panelist Biographies

William P. Alford is the Henry L. Stimson Professor at Harvard Law School, where he also is vice dean for the Graduate Program and International Legal Studies; director of East Asian Legal Studies; and chair of the HLS Project on Disability. He is the author of To Steal a Book is an Elegant Offense: Intellectual Property Law in Chinese Civilization (Stanford 1995), Raising the Bar: The Emerging Legal Profession in East Asia (Harvard 2007), and Prospects for the Professions in China: Essays on Civic Vocations. Professor Alford has been a consultant to the U.S. government, the World Bank, the Ford Foundation, foreign governments, and NGOs; he has also been a dispute resolution panelist under the North American Free Trade Agreement. Professor Alford earned his undergraduate degree at Amherst and holds graduate degrees from Yale (Chinese and History), Cambridge (Law) and Harvard Law School.

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Elizabeth Chambliss is a professor of law and the co-director of the Center for Professional Values and Practice at New York Law School. Her research focuses on the management and regulation of large law firms and on the implications of globalization for the U.S. legal profession. Professor Chambliss is also a reporter for the American Bar Association Commission on Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Profession. Professor Chambliss served as the research director of the Program on the Legal Profession at Harvard Law School for four years. During her years at Harvard, she researched the changing structures of law firms and the challenges those changes created for professional regulation. She also conducted a comprehensive survey of the careers of black Harvard Law School alumni and helped develop courses on the history of the legal profession. Professor Chambliss received her JD and PhD in sociology from the University of Wisconsin.

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Luciana Gross Cunha is a professor at Fundação Getulio Vargas Law School, São Paulo. She teaches political science and research methodology with a special focus on empirical research. Her research interests include legal system performance, the rule of law, and the use of indicators as a public policy. She is the coordinator of the Brazilian Justice Confidence Index, which is a statistical summary carried out every three months since 2009 in seven Brazilian states. She holds a master’s degree and a PhD in political science from the University of São Paulo.

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Yves Dezalay is the directeur de recherches emeritus au Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France. After some early research on the transformation of legal practices in European countries (Marchands de Droit (1992)), Dr. Dezalay has been studying the emergence of an international legal field and the restructuring of state and political elite (with a particular focus on specific topics such as international commercial arbitration and human rights networks) with Bryant Garth. After Dealing in Virtue (1996) and The Internationalization of Palace Wars (2002), Dr. Dezalay and Mr. Garth have just published their third book together: Asian Legal Revivals: Lawyers in the Shadow of Empire (Chicago Pr., 2010). In 2009, Dr. Dezalay received the International Scholar Prize, a biennial award of the Law & Society Association.

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Jules L. Dienstag, M.D. was appointed dean for medical education at Harvard Medical School (HMS) in 2005 to oversee medical education reform. Previously, he was faculty associate dean for admissions (1998-2004) and associate dean for academic and clinical programs (2003-2005). As a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) hepatologist and clinical investigator, Dr. Dienstag has devoted his clinical career to the understanding, prevention, and management of viral hepatitis. He chaired the MGH General Clinical Research Center Advisory Committee (1999-2010) and currently chairs the Harvard Catalyst Human Research Center Advisory Committee at the Harvard Clinical Translational Science Center (2008-present). Dr. Dienstag holds AB and MD degrees from Columbia University and an MA (honorary) from Harvard University. He received postgraduate training at the University of Chicago, the National Institutes of Health, the MGH, and HMS.

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Daniel H. Foote is a professor of law at the University of Tokyo, where he serves as the chair in sociology of law. After graduating from Harvard Law School in 1981, Professor Foote clerked at the U.S. District Court and for Chief Justice Burger at the U.S. Supreme Court. Before moving to the University of Tokyo in 2000, he taught at the University of Washington for 12 years. Recent works include Law in Japan: A Turning Point (Foote ed.) (University of Washington Press, 2007) and books in Japanese on the comparative judicial process and dispute resolution. Over the past decade, Professor Foote has been heavily involved in Japan’s legal education reform process. He has served on numerous government advisory councils and on the Citizens’ Advisory Council to the Japan Federation of Bar Associations.

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Marc Galanter is the John and Rylla Bosshard Professor of Law and South Asian Studies at the University of Wisconsin - Madison and LSE Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics. Professor Galanter studies litigation, lawyers, and legal culture; and he is also recognized as a leading scholar of the Indian legal system. He is an honorary professor of the National Law School of India, and is currently researching access to justice in India. Professor Galanter’s work also includes pioneering studies of litigation and disputing in the US, the impact of disputant capabilities in adjudication, the relation of public legal institutions to informal regulation, and patterns of litigation in America. Galanter is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He received degrees in philosophy and law from the University of Chicago, and he has taught at Columbia, Stanford, and Chicago.

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The Honorable Walter C. Jones is the US Executive Director of the African Development Bank, a position to which he was nominated by President Obama in November 2009 and confirmed by the Senate in March 2010. Mr. Jones has worked in the areas of international development, business, law and finance for over 20 years, including most recently as a Senior Investment Officer at the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, where he structured debt financings for enterprise projects worldwide. Mr. Jones began his professional career at the law firm of Sidley & Austin. He served as a Legislative Assistant on the staff of U.S. Senator Paul Sarbanes (D-MD, ret.) handling foreign relations and banking matters. Mr. Jones has also been an international consultant and served as General Counsel and head of private equity for a DC-based asset management firm. He has also served on several corporate and non-profit boards of directors. Mr. Jones is a graduate of Princeton University and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Harvard Law School and the GWU School of Business and Management.

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Chris Kenny is the inaugural chief executive of the Legal Services Board (UK), which oversees the regulation of lawyers in England and Wales. He spent his early career at the Departments of Health and the Treasury, where he held a variety of policy and management posts and eventually became principal private secretary to the Secretary of State. During his tenure at the treasury, he introduced significant economic reform in Russia and Eastern Europe. As Oftel’s director of regulatory policy and director of compliance between 2000 and 2003, he worked with industry and consumer bodies to establish the Telecoms Ombudsman. Mr. Kenny also worked with Lord Hunt of Wirral on the independent review of the Financial Ombudsman Service. He assisted in the creation of the Legal Services Board in 2007 before becoming its chief executive.

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Rakesh Khurana is the Marvin Bower Professor of Leadership Development at the Harvard Business School. His current research focuses on the processes by which elites and leaders are selected and developed. Khurana’s most recent book, From Higher Aims to Hired Hands: The Social Transformation of American Business Schools and the Unfulfilled Promise of Management as a Profession, received the American Sociological Association’s Max Weber Book Award in 2008 for most outstanding contribution to scholarship in the past two years and the 2007 Best Professional/Scholarly Publishing Book in Business, Finance and Management from the Association of American Publishers. Khurana and Nitin Nohria have co-edited a forthcoming volume on advancing leadership studies as an academic field of study that will be published by Harvard Business School Press in 2010. He received his BS from Cornell University and his AM (sociology) and PhD in organizational behavior from Harvard University.

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C. Raj Kumar spearheaded the initiative to establish the O.P. Jindal Global University (JGU), India’s first global law school, the Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) and India’s first multi-disciplinary global business school, Jindal Global Business School. Professor Kumar is the Vice Chancellor of O.P. Jindal Global University and the Dean of the Jindal Global Law School. His areas of specialization include human rights and development, corruption and governance, law and disaster management, comparative constitutional law, and legal education. He has written nearly one hundred publications for journals and law reviews in Australia, Hong Kong, India, Japan and the US. His three co-edited books are Human Rights and Development: Law, Policy and Governance (2006); Tsunami and Disaster Management: Law and Governance (2006); and Human Rights, Justice and Constitutional Empowerment (2007). Professor Kumar has also held many consulting positions in the field of human rights and governance.

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William F. Lee is a co-managing partner of WilmerHale and is one of the country’s foremost intellectual property and commercial litigation attorneys. He recently served as lead trial counsel for Broadcom in the highly publicized cases between Broadcom and Qualcomm, litigating his client to victory three times in the span of 15 months. Mr. Lee has acted in federal court trials involving laser optics, video compression, cellular and secure internet communications, and pharmaceutical products. From July 1987 through June 1989, Mr. Lee served as associate counsel to Independent Counsel Lawrence E. Walsh in the Iran-Contra investigation, and he has also acted as a special assistant to the Massachusetts attorney general. He currently serves on the advisory committee of the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. Mr. Lee is a fellow at the American College of Trial Lawyers and has taught at Harvard Law School.

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Sida Liu is assistant professor of sociology and law at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He received his LL.B. degree from Peking University Law School and his Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago. Professor Liu has written widely on various aspects of China’s law reforms and legal profession, including lower court justice, popular legal advice, the criminal justice system, and the corporate law market. He has published articles in the Law & Society Review, Law & Social Inquiry, China Quarterly, and other leading law and social science journals in China. His first book, The Lost Polis: Transformation of the Legal Profession in Contemporary China (in Chinese), was published by Peking University Press in 2008. He also translated and edited The Holmes Reader: Selected Essays and Public Speeches of Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., published by Shanghai Joint Publishing Company in 2009.

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Ary Oswaldo Mattos Filho is the principal and a full professor of law at the Fundação Getúlio Vargas Law School, São Paulo, where he is also a member of the Finance Law Institute. He is a founding partner of the law firm Mattos Filho, Veiga Filho, Marrey Junior e Quiroga Advogados. Mr. Filho holds a BA and PhD in law from the Univerity of São Paulo School of Law. He earned his LL.M at Harvard Law School, where he held a visiting scholar appointment in 1984. He served as chairman of the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission and president of the Federal Commission for Fiscal Reform in the early 1990s. He was the chairman of the board of directors for the School of Business Administration at Fundação Getúlio Vargas from 1995-1997. Most recently, he served on the board of directors for the São Paulo stock exchange from 2007-2009.

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Christopher McKenna is a university reader in business history and strategy at the Saïd Business School, a fellow of Brasenose College, and the research director of the Novak Druce Centre for Professional Service Firms at the University of Oxford. A graduate of Amherst College and the Johns Hopkins University, McKenna’s research focuses on the historical development and evolving strategies of professional firms and their role in the global transformation of business, nonprofits, and the state. His first book, The World’s Newest Profession, examined management consulting firms. It was awarded the Newcomen-Harvard Book Award by the Business History Review and the Hagley Prize by the Business History Conference; it was also named one of the best books of the year by the Financial Times. McKenna’s next book, Partners in Crime, will examine the international history of white-collar crime from the eighteenth century to the present.

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Martha Minow is the dean and Jeremiah Smith, Jr. Professor at Harvard Law School. An expert on human rights, her scholarship has also addressed private military contractors, management of mass torts, and transitional justice. She has published over 150 articles, and her books include In Brown’s Wake: Legacies of America’s Educational Landmark (2010), Partners, Not Rivals: Privatization and the Public Good (2002), and Making all the Difference: Inclusion, Exclusion, and American Law (1990). Her edited and co-edited books include Government by Contract (2009) and Imagine Co-Existence: Restoring Humanity After Ethnic Conflict (2003). Following nomination by President Obama and confirmation by the Senate, she serves as vice-chair of the board of the Legal Services Corporation. A graduate of the University of Michigan and Harvard Graduate School of Education, Minow received her law degree at Yale Law School before serving as a law clerk to Judge David Bazelon and Justice Thurgood Marshall.

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Ashish Nanda is the Robert Braucher Professor of Practice at Harvard Law School. He is also the faculty director of Executive Education at Harvard Law School and research director of the Program on the Legal Profession and the Center on Lawyers and the Professional Services Industry. He teaches in the JD program, leads the Case Development and Distribution Initiative, and is a member of the research team conducting the program’s Corporate Purchasing Project. His research focuses on professionalism, the professionals’ labor market, and management of professional service organizations. Before joining Harvard Law School, Professor Nanda was a Harvard Business School faculty member for 13 years. He holds a Ph.D in business economics and a master’s in economics from Harvard University, as well as a bachelor’s degree from the Indian Institute of Technology.

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Todd Rakoff graduated from Harvard Law School in 1975 and joined the faculty in 1979 after clerking for Hon. Henry Friendly and practicing with Foley, Hoag and Eliot in Boston. He teaches contracts and administrative law, has been dean of the J.D. Program, and is presently the Byrne Professor of Administrative Law. Professor Rakoff has been actively involved in many of HLS’s educational experiments and reforms of the last quarter-century, including the experimental integrated curriculum of the 1980s and the move to smaller first-year sections in the late 1990s. He has also organized programs for teachers around the country through the Association of American Law Schools, and internationally through the parallel international association. Currently, he is working on moving the faculty’s newly authorized curriculum from concept to reality, both as a teacher of the new legislation/regulation course and as head of the group developing the new “problems and theories” course.

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Erik D. Ramanathan is executive director of the Harvard Law School Program on the Legal Profession. Previously, Erik was senior vice president and general counsel of ImClone Systems, a public biotechnology firm sold to Eli Lilly for $6.5 billion after successful recovery from extensive legal and governance troubles. Erik began his career as an attorney at Proskauer Rose LLP in New York, a member of the firm’s regionally preeminent health care practice. He spent a decade leading the board of Immigration Equality, the national education, advocacy and legal services nonprofit dedicated to equality for LGBT and HIV-affected immigrants and asylum seekers. Erik consults for for-profit and not-for-profit enterprises on law department management and legal and reputational crisis control, and has helped teach the Problem Solving JD course and Leadership in Corporate Counsel executive education course at HLS. He earned his JD from HLS and his BA in behavioral biology from Johns Hopkins.

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Milton C. Regan, Jr. is a professor of law and the co-director of the Center for the Study of the Legal Profession at Georgetown University Law Center. His work focuses on ethics and organizational issues facing law firms, corporations, and the legal profession. He is the author of Eat What You Kill: The Fall of a Wall Street Lawyer (2004), co-author of the casebook Legal Ethics in Corporate Practice, and the author of numerous articles and book chapters. Before joining Georgetown, Professor Regan worked as an associate at Davis Polk & Wardwell and clerked for Justice William J. Brennan, Jr. on the U.S. Supreme Court and then-Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. He received his JD from the Georgetown University Law Center.

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William T. Robinson, III is member-in-charge of the Northern Kentucky offices of Frost Brown Todd LLC, a regional law firm with over 450 lawyers in nine offices located in Kentucky, Ohio, Tennessee, West Virginia and Indiana. He is president-elect of the American Bar Association and will become ABA president for a one-year term in August 2011.Throughout his career, Robinson has served as a leader in his profession and in his community. An ABA member since 1972, he has been active in the association for more than 25 years in various leadership roles, including a three-year term as association treasurer and seven years on the ABA Board of Governors. Robinson is a past president of the Kentucky Bar Association, a past president of the Kentucky Bar Foundation and founding chair of Kentucky's Interest on Lawyer Trust Accounts (IOLTA) program. He is a graduate of Thomas More College and the University of Kentucky College of Law.

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Fabio de Sá e Silva is a researcher at the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA), a major think-tank in Brazil, where he also serves as the coordinator of studies on State and Democracy. Fabio holds a law degree from the University of São Paulo School of Law (USP) and a Master of Laws from the University of Brasilia School of Law (UnB). He is currently a PhD candidate in Law, Policy, and Society at Northeastern University (Boston, MA) on a CAPES-Fulbright fellowship. His main areas of interest are: legal education, legal profession, globalization, rule of law, and the institutionalization of public interest law systems in developing and transitional countries, topics in which he has taught and published extensively. Fabio has been involved in several projects on justice and security reform in Brazil for the past years, with a special focus on promoting access to justice and improving the criminal justice system in that country.

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Sophia Sperdakos is policy counsel at the Law Society of Upper Canada, the governing body of lawyers and paralegals in Ontario, Canada. She is a graduate of McGill University and Osgoode Hall Law School and was called to the bar of Ontario in 1982. She earned a Masters degree in history from the University of Toronto in 1992. As policy counsel she focuses on issues related to professional competence and education, law society regulatory tribunals that address lawyer and paralegal competence, conduct and capacity, and inter-jurisdictional mobility.

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Laura Stein is Clorox’s senior vice president and general counsel, responsible for worldwide legal, compliance, corporate communications, crisis management, risk management and internal audit matters. Laura serves on Clorox’s executive committee, chairs the Clorox women’s group, and co-sponsors Clorox’s social responsibility and enterprise risk management programs. Previously, Laura was Heinz’s senior vice president – general counsel, a member of Heinz’s senior management committee, a director of the H.J. Heinz Company Foundation, and president of Heinz’s women group. Laura is a director of Franklin Resources, Inc., board co chair of the Corporate Pro Bono Board, chair of the Nominating and Governance Committee of Equal Justice Works, vice-chair of the Pipeline Committee of the Leadership Council on Legal Diversity. She serves on the advisory board of Harvard Law School’s Program on the Legal Profession. Laura received her JD from Harvard Law School and her bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Dartmouth College.

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David M. Trubek is Voss-Bascom Emeritus Professor of Law and a senior fellow at the Center for World Affairs and the Global Economy (WAGE) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He served as dean of international studies from 1990 to 2001, and as the director of WAGE from 2001 to 2004. A graduate of UW-Madison and Yale Law School, Trubek joined the UW Law School faculty in 1973. He has taught at Yale and Harvard Law Schools, Catholic University Law School in Rio de Janeiro, and the FGV Law School in São Paulo. He has written extensively on international and comparative law, the role of law in development, human rights, European integration, the legal profession and the impact of globalization on legal systems and social protection schemes. His most recent book is The New Law and Economic Development: A Critical Appraisal (with A.Santos) (2006).

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Andrew von Nordenflycht is an associate professor of strategy at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, British Columbia. He received a BA in history from Stanford University and his PhD in management from the MIT Sloan School of Management. He researches the structure and management of human-capital-intensive firms, with a focus on professional services and airlines. In particular, he has studied the emergence of publicly-traded corporations in professional services and their effects on industry structure, creativity, and professional ethics. His research is published in many leading management journals, including Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Organization Science, and Industrial and Labor Relations Review; and he is the co-author of Up In the Air: How Airlines Can Improve Performance by Engaging Their Employees.

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David Wilkins is the Vice Dean, Global Initiatives on the Legal Profession, Lester Kissel Professor of Law and faculty director of the Program on the Legal Profession at Harvard Law School. He is also a senior research fellow of the American Bar Foundation and a faculty associate of the Harvard University Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics. Professor Wilkins has written extensively on the legal profession in leading scholarly journals and the popular press. His current research includes After the JD, a ten-year longitudinal study of lawyers’ careers; an examination of outsourcing legal work to India; and an empirical project on the development of ethical infrastructure in large law firms. Professor Wilkins teaches several courses on lawyers, including the country’s first four-credit legal profession course and seminars on global legal careers and the future of law firms. He received his BA and JD from Harvard.

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Mark Wu is an assistant professor of law at Harvard Law School, where he specializes in issues of international trade and international intellectual property. Prior to joining the faculty, he was an academic fellow at Columbia Law School and a law clerk to Judge Pierre N. Leval of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. He previously served as the director for intellectual property in the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, where he led negotiations on the IP chapters of various free trade agreements. Prior to that, he was an engagement manager with McKinsey & Co. and an economist and operations officer with the World Bank in China. He is a graduate of Yale Law School and Oxford University, where he studied on a Rhodes Scholarship. In addition, he received an AB summa cum laude in social studies and East Asian studies from Harvard College.

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Stephen N. Zack is a partner in the national law firm Boies, Schiller & Flexner LLP. He is currently serving as the first Hispanic president of the American Bar Association. During his tenure as ABA president, Zack will focus on issues facing the association, the legal profession, and the justice system. Zack has been a member of the ABA for more than thirty years, during which he has served as a Florida state delegate, the chair of the House of Delegates (the ABA’s policy making body), and a member of the association’s board of governors. His recent ABA activities include serving as the chair of the Strategic Planning Action Committee, a member of the Center for Racial and Ethnic Diversity, and a member of the Section of International Law. Zack received his BA and JD degrees from the University of Florida.

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Zhang Qi is a law professor at Peking University Law School and the executive director of the Institute of Comparative Law and Sociology of Law. Professor Zhang has taught and researched on philosophy of law, comparative law, the Chinese judicial system, and Western legal philosophy. He has been involved in Chinese judicial reform for many years, studying the feasibility of adapting the US guiding cases system into the Chinese system. He earned his LLB from Jilin University in 1982 and his PhD in Jurisprudence from Peking University in 1997. He now is a Fulbright visiting scholar of East Asian studies at Harvard Law School.

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Short Video

Harvard Law School interviewed several of the organizers and key speakers at FutureEd 2.

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PLP Blue Papers

Legal Education for the Future: Global Perspectives
By Daniel H. Foote

This manuscript by Daniel H. Foote is a report on the FutureEd 2 conference on the future of legal education held in October of 2010 at Harvard Law School. The essay originally was written for a Japanese audience and was first published in Japan.
[Download the paper]

Simple Questions, Multiple Answers: Keynote Address to the FutureEd 2 Conference at Harvard Law School
by Chris Kenny

This manuscript by Chris Kenny, chief executive of the UK Legal Services Board, is based on a keynote address delivered at the FutureEd 2 conference on the future of legal education held in October of 2010 at Harvard Law School. You can view a video of this speech here.
[Download the paper]

Making Global Lawyers for the 21st Century: Keynote Address to the FutureEd 2 Conference at Harvard Law School
by Martha L. Minow

This manuscript by Harvard Law School Dean and Jeremiah Smith, Jr. Professor Martha Minow is based on a keynote address delivered at the FutureEd 2 conference, held in October of 2010 at Harvard Law School.
[Download the paper]

Educating the Digital Lawyer E-Book

One of the outputs from the FutureEd process is the e-book Educating the Digital Lawyer, edited by Oliver Goodenough and Marc Lauritsen and published by LexisNexis. You may access a complimentary copy of the volume in the e-book format here. If you have trouble accessing the volume, you may need an eBook reader. One such program, Adobe Digital Editions, can be found here. You can also access individual chapters in pdf format here.

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