Rules of Evidence

This page collects Rules of Evidence adopted by Federal and State courts and legislatures which the authors consider useful to the teaching and learning of the law of Evidence.   Included are all of the Federal Rules of Evidence, certain Proposed Federal Rules which were not enacted by Congress,  selected Rules of Evidence from Maine and other states, and the California Evidence Code.

The material on this page may be accessed through the following Table of Contents, through the Topical Index, and through various Syllabus Templates, as well as through the Site Search Engine.

The authors will endeavor to maintain this page on a current basis.   Please check the date of last revision at the bottom of the page.

Table of Contents

  1. Article 1 - General Provisions
  2. Article 2 - Judicial Notice
  3. Article 3 - Presumptions in Civil Actions and Proceedings
  4. Article 4 - Relevancy and Its Limits
  5. Article 5 - Privileges
  6. Article 6 - Witnesses
  7. Article 7 - Opinions and Expert Testimony
  8. Article 8 - Hearsay
  9. Article 9 - Authentication and Identification
  10. Article 10 - Contents of Writings, Recordings, and Photographs
  11. Article 11 - Miscellaneous Rules
  12. Other

Federal Rules of Evidence

Article 1 - General Provisions

Rule 101 - Scope

Rule 102 - Purpose and Construction

Rule 103 - Rulings on Evidence

Rule 104 - Preliminary Questions

Rule 105 - Limited Admissibility

Rule 106 - Remainder of or Related Writings or Recorded Statements

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Article 2 - Judicial Notice

Rule 201- Judicial Notice of Adjudicative Facts

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Article 3 - Presumptions in Civil Actions and Proceedings

Rule 301 - Presumptions in General in Civil Actions and Proceedings

Rule 302- Applicability of State Law in Civil Actions and Proceedings

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Article 4 - Relevancy and Its Limits

Rule 401 - Definition of  "Relevant Evidence"

Rule 402- Relevant Evidence Generally Admissible; Irrelevant Evidence Inadmissible

Rule 403 - Exclusion of Relevant Evidence on Grounds of Prejudice, Confusion etc.

Rule 404 - Character Evidence Not Admissible to Prove Conduct; Exceptions; Other Crimes

Rule 405 - Methods of Proving Character

Rule 406 - Habit, Routine Practice

Rule 407 - Subsequent Remedial Measures

Rule 408 - Compromise and Offers to Compromise

Rule 409 - Payment of Medical and Similar Expenses

Rule 410 - Inadmissibility of Pleas, Offers of Please, Plea Discussions and Related Statements

Rule 411 - Liability Insurance

Rule 412 - Sex Offense Cases; Relevance of Alleged Victim's Past Sexual Behavior etc.

Rule 413 - Evidence of Similar Crimes in Sexual Assault Cases

Rule 414 - Evidence of Similar Crimes in Child Molestation Cases

Rule 415 - Evidence of Similar Acts in Civil Cases Concerning Sexual Assault etc.

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Article 5 - Privileges

Rule 501 - General Rules

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Article 6 - Witnesses

Rule 601 - General Rule of Competency

Rule 602 - Lack of Personal Knowledge

Rule 603 - Oath or Affirmation

Rule 604 - Interpreters

Rule 605 - Competency of Judge as Witness

Rule 606 - Competency of Juror as Witness

Rule 607 - Who May Impeach

Rule 608 - Evidence of Character and Conduct of Witness

Rule 609 - Impeachment by Evidence of Conviction of Crime

Rule 610 - Religious Beliefs of Opinions

Rule 611 - Mode and Order of Interrogation and Presentation

Rule 612 - Writing Used to Refresh Memory

Rule 613 - Prior Statements of Witnesses

Rule 614 - Calling and Interrogation of Witnesses by Court

Rule 615 - Exclusion of Witnesses

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Article 7 - Opinions and Expert Testimony

Rule 701 - Opinion Testimony by Lay Witness

Rule 702 - Testimony by Experts

Rule 703 - Bases of Opinion Testimony by Experts

Rule 704 - Opinion on Ultimate Issue

Rule 705 - Disclosure of Facts or Data Underlying Expert Opinion

Rule 706 - Court Appointed Experts

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Article 8 - Hearsay

Rule 801 - Definitions

Rule 802 - Hearsay Rule

Rule 803 - Hearsay Exceptions; Availability of Declarant Immaterial

Rule 804 - Hearsay Exceptions; Declarant Unavailable

Rule 805 - Hearsay within Hearsay

Rule 806 - Attacking and Supporting Credibility of Declarant

Rule 807 - Residual Exception

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Article 9 - Authentication and Identification

Rule 901 - Requirement of Authentication or Identification

Rule 902 - Self Authentication

Rule 903 - Subscribing Witness' Testimony Unnecessary

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Article 10 - Contents of Writings, Recordings, and Photographs

Rule 1001 - Definitions

Rule 1002 - Requirement of Original

Rule 1003 - Admissibility of Duplicates

Rule 1004 - Admissibility of Other Evidence of Contents

Rule 1005 - Public Records

Rule 1006 - Summaries

Rule 1007 - Testimony or Written Admission of Party

Rule 1008 - Functions of Court and Jury

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Article 11 - Miscellaneous Rules

Rule 1101 - Applicability of Rules

Rule 1102 - Amendments

Rule 1103 - Title

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Proposed Federal Rules Adopted by the United States Supreme Court

But Not Adopted by Congress

Proposed Rule 301

Porposed Rule 302

Proposed Rule 303

Note: The following Rules 501-513 prescribed by the Supreme Court as Article V were replaced by a single Rule 501 in the rule enacted by the Congress.

Proposed Rule 501 - Privileges Recognized Only as Provided

Proposed Rule 502 - Required Reports Privileged by Statute

Proposed Rule 503 - Lawyer-Client Privilege

Proposed Rule 504 - Psychotherapist-Patient Privilege

Proposed Rule 505 - Husband-Wife Privilege

Proposed Rule 506 - Communications to Clergymen

Proposed Rule 507 - Political Vote

Proposed Rule 508 - Trade Secrets

Proposed Rule 509 - Secrets of State and Other Official Information

Proposed Rule 510 - Identity of Informer

Proposed Rule 511 - Waiver of Privilege by Voluntary Disclosure

Proposed Rule 512 -Privileged Matter Disclosed Under Compulsion or Without Opportunity to Claim Privilege

Proposed Rule 513 - Comment upon or Inference from Claim of Privilege; Instruction

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Maine Rules of Evidence
(selected provisions)

Rule 616 - Illustrative Aids

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California Evidence Code

Click here for California Evidence Code.

This page was last revised 12/11/99.


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