306. W. Kip Viscusi, Irineu Carvalho, Fernando Antoanzas, Joan Rovira, Francisco J. Braa, Fabiola Portillo, Smoking Risks in Spain: Part III - Determinants of Smoking Behavior, 11/2000; subsequently published in Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Vol. 21:2/3, 2000, 213-234.
Abstract: Using original survey data from Spain, this paper assesses the determinants of smoking behavior. This study examines the effect on smoking of the most diverse set of risk measures ever considered: lung cancer, relative lung cancer risks, lung disease, heart disease, relative heart disease risks, lost life expectancy to smokers, and various risk measures for passive smoking. Smoking measures include cigarette smoking, the number of cigarettes smoked, and pipe and cigar smoking. Primary smoking risks have a more consistent negative effect on smoking than perceived passive smoking risks.